Job Safety Analysis in Construction and Heavy Industry Projects
Most construction and heavy industry projects inherently have a risk of injury. Although we cannot completely eliminate risk, it is possible to reduce it or control it. Risk can also be accepted as a normal part of doing a job. The amount of risk that you and your employees are willing to accept is the question to ask.
Every day and with every task, there is risk. It is determined by how often we are exposed to it. If there is a great possibility that something bad will happen with severe outcome, then there is great risk. The decisions that we make involves daily risks. Do you understand the risk and are you willing to accept it?
Controlling risk is a function of management. Management can use helpful tools to understand risk and control it. The job safety analysis is one common tool used today for this purpose.
Supervisors and workers are the best people who can control risk. It is important to make sure that all who need to be involved are given an opportunity to be involved and are kept informed of developments that might increase the risks and change the measures needed to deal with them, in both the planning and execution of a task.
Workers sometime know the hazards but they don’t repot them. Many incident investigations have found that workers in the area know that hazards exist. Workers kept quiet about it thinking that hazard was normal and risk was acceptable. So how do managers get employees help reduce risk?
The difference in risk perception and the level of risk tolerance is the main thing that complicates communication of risk in a construction site. The job safety analysis is a tool used to improve and document the communication process and ensure mutual understanding of risks and controls by all the people involved.
In the heavy industry, job safety analysis is an important part of the risk management process. Job safety analysis can be used to help reduce the risk level to a very low acceptable one and the way to do it is by allowing all members of the team to interact and develop a common understanding of the task, procedures, and hazards associated with completing the task.
Depending on the kind of perception of the job safety analysis as a planning tool by the ones completing it, the quality of information on the document and the level of input by workers involved is affected.
The amount of trust given to individuals and internal power relations influences the willingness of employees to communicate and control risk. Individual experience, risk assessment, and individual perception of a particular risk with respect to other people on the team or in the area are other factors that influence communication. For every project, you just want to finish it on time, under budget with everyone safe.